Battle at the bottom of the sea
Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Ian Lange contributed to this article about how the treasures of a deep ocean floor pit green energy proponents against environmentalists. Companies are interested in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone (CCZ) where potato-sized manganese rocks line the ocean floor and play host to innumerable sea creatures. Also known as polymetallic nodules, the rocks contain manganese, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, and rare earth metals, all vital for making the rechargeable batteries that undergird the global push toward green energy. January 12, 2023.