What is Curricular Practical Training (CPT)?
“…Curricular practical training is defined to be alternate work/study, internship, cooperative education, or any other type of required internship or practicum which is offered by sponsoring employers through cooperative agreements with the school.” [8 CFR 214.2(f)(10)(i)]
Curricular Practical Training is not a means of simply gaining employment eligibility or a stepping stone to be able to work until Optional Practical Training begins.
Who is eligible for CPT?
Students who are in F-1 status and have been enrolled full-time at Colorado School of Mines for at least one full academic year in the current degree program (unless the internship is required by the program of study) are eligible for Curricular Practical Training before completion of all semester hours required for the degree. CPT can be done during the regular academic year or during the summer or winter break.
Who is not eligible for CPT?
- Students who have received a program extension to extend the end date on the I-20; the ISSS advisor will need to discuss the nature of your program extension to determine whether CPT will further delay your completion of studies.
- After completion of all semester hours required for a degree. There are only three exceptions:
- an unusual opportunity of short duration, such as a one-day participation in a workshop or research study; OR
- the internship is required by the program of study as documented by information published in the Mines Bulletin; OR
- the internship will contribute directly to the student’s thesis or dissertation (ex.: data gained through internship is used in thesis) PhD and Master’s thesis students who have submitted the first draft of the thesis/dissertation, or Master’s non-thesis students who have completed the final project or final comprehensives for the program are not eligible.
- After graduation or completion of a course of study.
- While enrolled in a Non-Degree course of study.
- After applying for OPT.
- After resuming studies following a period of OPT, unless starting a new degree program and the established curriculum requires immediate participation in CPT; otherwise the student entering a new degree program after OPT will be eligible for CPT after one academic year in the new program of study.
- After returning to finish the current degree program following completion of OPT.
- While participating in Concurrent Enrollment.
- Anyone who has fallen out of status for any reason, including not maintaining full-time registration or working without proper authorization.
Note: ISSS reserves the right to review and deny CPT applications, particularly if staff feel the student is trying to delay graduation.
When can I apply and when can I begin CPT?
You are eligible to apply up to 90 days before the end of your first year of study. However it is best to wait until priority registration begins because you will be required to enroll in a course. The actual CPT employment cannot begin until the first academic year is complete. You CANNOT begin to work before you obtain your CPT authorization from ISSS or continue to work after your authorization expires or you graduate. If you do, you will be engaged in unlawful employment (i.e., you will be “working illegally”). Generally, it is best to apply for CPT authorization 1-4 weeks prior to the start of employment. When you apply, you must be able to demonstrate you will continue to work towards your degree. Therefore, you should be able to demonstrate you are registered and continuing to make academic progress for the academic term in which you will on CPT. For example, if you are applying during the fall semester for CPT with a Spring semester start date, you should be registered in classes for the Spring semester.
Do I need to be registered in a certain amount of credits?
Yes. See table below.
|Summer Work||Fall Work||Spring Work|
|Undergraduate||Must be registered in CSM497 (0 credit) for the summer and in a Fall independent study course. Must maintain full course of study for immigration purposes.||Must be registered in CSM 497 (0 credit) and an independent study course. Must maintain full course of study for immigration purposes||Must be registered in CSM 497 (0 credit) and an independent study course. Must maintain full course of study for immigration purposes|
|Graduate-Non Thesis Based||Must be registered in CSM597 (0 credit) for the summer and in a Fall independent study course or equivalent. Must maintain full course of study for immigration purposes||Must be registered in CSM597 (0 credit) and in a independent study course or equivalent. Must maintain full course of study for immigration purposes||Must be registered in CSM597 (0 credit) and in a independent study course or equivalent. Must maintain full course of study for immigration purposes|
|Graduate Thesis Based||Must be registered in CSM597 (0 credit) for the summer and in Fall research credits. Must maintain full course of study for immigration purposes.||Must be registered in CSM597 (0 credit) and in research credits. Must maintain full course of study for immigration purposes.||Must be registered in CSM597 (0 credit) and in research credits. Must maintain full course of study for immigration purposes.|
Do I need to apply to the USCIS for CPT authorization?
No. You do not need to apply to the USCIS. In fact, only ISSS can authorize CPT for eligible Mines students.
When can I begin my CPT employment?
You may begin working immediately after you receive your I-20 authorizing you for CPT from ISSS, and as soon as the start date requested on the I-20 arrives. DO NOT begin your employment before you receive the CPT authorization from ISSS, or you will be working illegally!
What if I want to do CPT for more than one semester?
ISSS will require you to renew your CPT application each semester. This means you must plan in advance to renew your authorization before your current semester’s authorization expires if you wish to continue working. Remember, you must also be able to demonstrate you are registered and continuing to make academic progress for the future semester at the time of application, unless you will be applying to extend your CPT into the summer.
Can I use CPT to engage in self-employment or open a business?
No, it is not possible to use CPT for these purposes.
Will I be eligible to extend my I-20 if I do full-time CPT?
In most cases, no. While you may be eligible to be approved for full-time CPT, you are still expected to be making normal progress on your degree. Unless your CPT is required by your program, ISSS will not be willing to extend an I-20 if a student did one semester or more of full-time CPT and then cannot graduate on time. If you believe you may find yourself in this situation, please talk to an ISSS advisor before applying for full-time CPT.
Do I have to be registered when I am participating in CPT in the Fall/Spring?
Yes, you must always be registered as a student at Colorado School of Mines during the Fall/Spring semester. If you are participating in full or part-time CPT, you must maintain full-time enrollment (12 credits for undergraduates or 9 credits for graduate students, or 4 credits for graduate students with approved reduced registration from the graduate school).
What is the difference between Optional Practical Training OPT and CPT?
OPT permits employment after completion of a course of study. You don’t need a job offer to apply for OPT. There is no time limit to CPT, while full-time OPT is limited to one year. It is possible to do part-time OPT while still in the middle of a program of study, but most students are also eligible for CPT so it is very rare for students to apply for OPT before they complete their required semester hours.
If I do CPT, can I still do OPT later?
Yes, as long as you do not engage in full-time CPT (that is, more than 20 hours/week) for a cumulative total of 12 months. Part-time CPT (20 hours or less per week) has no impact on subsequent eligibility for OPT, even if you work for more than a year.
Can I change employers if I have CPT authorization? Can I work full-time instead of part-time, or vice-versa?
Yes, but only with prior authorization from ISSS. If you change employers, or if you change from part-time to full-time employment, you MUST re-apply for a new CPT authorization. You cannot make the change until you have obtained a new CPT authorization I-20, or you will be working without authorization (i.e., “working illegally”). If you change from full-time to part-time employment, you should let ISSS know so that your employment will not affect your eligibility for OPT.
Am I eligible for CPT if I am or ever have been a part-time student?
If you have ever been enrolled as a part-time student, you must have an ISSS “Reduced Course Load Request” on file for the semester(s) you were under-enrolled. Otherwise, CPT cannot be authorized.
If I have an internship or other work opportunity which is unpaid, do I still need CPT authorization?
Yes, if the internship, work, or volunteer opportunity is related to your major field of study, you should still apply for CPT authorization even if you will not receive payment. The definition of “employment” in immigration terms does not necessarily equate with being paid, and Homeland Security expects international students engaged in even unpaid internships to be authorized for CPT. This includes students who may be registering for internship credit through their academic department.
Can I travel outside the USA if I have been authorized for CPT?
Yes. For further information on traveling outside the USA and carrying proper documentation, please review the travel information section of our website.
If I am authorized for CPT employment and I decide not to use it, can I file another CPT application later?
Yes, unless you are ineligible due to one of the factors listed previously on this page. However, please ask ISSS to notify the USCIS of the cancelation of your CPT as soon as you know you will not use the entire period authorized.
- Complete the CPT Application Form
- Have your advisor complete their section of the form
- Immigration Related Documents: Current Form I-20 and any previous Form I-20(s) you may have, passport and Form I-94 card.
- Job offer letter from a specific employer that includes the following information:
- Job title and brief job description
- Exact dates of employment
- Number of hours of work per week
- Physical place of employment (Street address, no PO Boxes)
- Printed on official business letterhead
- An application cannot be reviewed without a complete application form and the supporting documentation as outlined above.
- You may only begin CPT after you have obtained your Form I-20 endorsed with the CPT authorization.
- Estimated processing time on average is 5 business days. Please take this into consideration when applying for authorization.
- Additional documentation may be requested during the review process.