Carbon Capture using a Hydrate Technology
Ahmad Afif Abdul Majid
Project Goals and Description:
Gas hydrates are crystalline solids that trap small gas molecules (e.g., carbon dioxide and methane) inside hydrogen bonded water cages. The composition of the gas trapped in the hydrate phase can be different from that in the composition of the waste gas (the gas at which the gas hydrates are formed). Thermodynamic properties shows that CO2 molecules are often preferentially trapped in hydrate cages, when compared to other typical gas molecules (e.g., N2, O2, CH4). The project will study the feasibility of utilizing hydrate technology for carbon dioxide capture. There are still underlying challenges, improving the kinetics of hydrate formation and reducing the stochasticity of hydrate nucleation. Solving these challenges will be the focus of this project.
Grand Challenge: Develop carbon sequestration methods.
- Koh, C.A. et al., Fundamentals and Applications of Gas Hydrates, Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Vol. 2, Page 237-257 (2011).
- Majid, AAA; et al., Thermodynamic and Kinetic Promoters for Gas Hydrate Technological Applications, Energy & Fuels, Vol 35 (23), Page 19288-19301 (2021)
- Wang, X; Zhang, F; Lipinski, W, Research progress and challenges in hydrate-based carbon dioxide capture applications, Applied Energy, Vol 269, page 114928 (2020)
Ahmad Majid, email@example.com
CBEN 210 Thermodynamics, or its equivalent
TIME COMMITMENT (HRS/WK)
- Hands-on experimental research skills
- Thermodynamics simulations calculations,
- Kinetic measurements of hydrate growth
- Weekly meetings with primary researcher (Ahmad Majid)
- Individual lab research work training by Ahmad Majid and a graduate student
- Training of thermodynamic software with a graduate student.
PREFERRED STUDENT STATUS